How far outside the cartridge tip do you extend your needles while tattooing? This is referred to as needle throw or some say needle hang.
There are benefits to a longer needle throw and a shorter needle throw and in the end it will depend on your comfort level.
Here are considerations for a longer throw verses a shorter throw:
1-Longer needle throw:
There is more precision with more needle visibility and less ink puddling, you control needle depth.
You may need to dip more often if your needle is out too far and doesn’t retract back into the cartridge tip to pick up more ink.
Tip: I prefer a longer throw for the precision aspect when tattooing the eyes and lining the lips. Seeing the needle clearly makes me feel more comfortable. However, one needs to control the depth of the longer needle throw and only work off the tips. To better understand and control the needle depth, use the senses of sight, touch and hearing.
This chart helps you pay attention to your hand speed, machine speed, and hand movements when using liners for a liner effect and shaders for a shaded effect.
It also shows how you can use:
A great go-to chart is just the beginning!